World’s languages traced back to single African mother tongue: scientists.
New Zealand researchers have traced every human language — from English to Mandarin — back to an ancestral language spoken in Africa 50,000 to 70,000 years ago.
Scientists say they have traced the world’s 6,000 modern languages — from English to Mandarin — back to a single “mother tongue,” an ancestral language spoken in Africa 50,000 to 70,000 years ago.
New research, published in the journal Science, suggests this single ancient language resulted in human civilization — a Diaspora — as well as advances in art and hunting tool technology, and laid the groundwork for all the world’s cultures.
The research, by Quentin Atkinson from the University of Auckland in New Zealand, also found that speech evolved far earlier than previously thought. And the findings implied, though did not prove, that modern language originated only once, an issue of controversy among linguists, according to the New York Times.
Before Atkinson came up with the evidence for a single African origin of language, some scientists had argued that language evolved independently in different parts of the world.
Atkinson found that the first populations migrating from Africa laid the groundwork for all the world’s cultures by taking their single language with them. “It was the catalyst that spurred the human expansion that we all are a product of,” Atkinson said, the Wall Street Journal reported.
Atkinson traced the number distinct sounds, or phonemes — consonants, vowels and tones — in 504 world languages, finding compelling evidence that they can be traced back to a long-forgotten dialect spoken by our Stone Age ancestors, according to the Daily Mail.
Atkinson also hypothesized that languages with the most sounds would be the oldest, while those spoken by smaller breakaway groups would utilize fewer sounds as variation and complexity diminished.
The study found that some of the click-using languages of Africa have more than 100 phonemes, or sounds, whereas Hawaiian, toward the far end of the human migration route out of Africa, has only 13, the Times reported. English has about 45 phonemes.
The phoneme pattern mirrors the pattern of human genetic diversity as humans spread across the globe from sub-Saharan Africa around 70,000 years ago.
Also yeah, I’ve said it before, but like when people are like “why doesn’t Harry ask for help more, why doesn’t he ask questions” THAT IS LITERALLY WHAT HE LEARNED HE WOULD BE PUNISHED FOR DOING GROWING UP. It was drilled into him not to ask for help.
Like the scene that will always break my heart is when Ron discovered Umbridge was basically forcing Harry to mutilate himself, and he was like “WHY THE HECK DIDN’T YOU TELL ANYBODY? WE NEED TO TELL SOMEONE RIGHT AWAY” and Harry’s reaction was “they’re busy, they don’t need me causing them trouble, it would just get them in trouble, they don’t want me to bother them” instantly and Ron was like “what the f*** man” because that is just so, so accurate to what you learn when you’re being abused and bullied. Do not ask for help. Do not bother people. They don’t want to deal with you, this kind of thing is normal and things will just get worse if you do.
It was just really well and subtly done. How Ron completely didn’t understand and was horrified but this was obvious and normal to Harry. Of course he was used to doing things on his own. Of course it was his instinct to keep it a secret.
For our dear Dani - happy birthday again bb ♥ A peaceful Sterek moment because that’s exactly what I wish for you: some peace and happiness and Sterek ;)
*post edited to add detail pic :)
Oh gosh, I already flailed at you extensively on twitter, but seriously, this is absolutely jaw-droppingly gorgeous. I am so in love with this art. Just look at them! The incredible lighting, the way they’re leaning into each other, the small smile on Derek’s face, the charcoal all over Stiles. I love the little green plant (I feel like that’s a little bit of you in this <3). And gosh, the chest hair and the drawing and everything. I can see all the thought and effort you put into this and that means so much to me. Almost as much as you mean to me, tbh. <3
Thank you so much for this. And thank you, Mako, for the fic. It was the perfect accompaniment to the art. You both have made me so happy. Meeting and getting to know you has been one of the best things to have happened to me. I love you. <333
HAPPY BIRTHDAY DANI!!!!!!!! <3
From Caroline and me with LOVE <3
BIRTHDAY FIC. YAY. This was so lovely, darling! I love artist!Stiles (or Derek) so much and just. Such a favorite trope/au. Thank you so much for writing this, love. You’re just the best okay. <3
So… Going with the Derek is actually not the real Derek theory, but his double… What if the real Derek is a berserker?
Oh god. But. Guys. This is making me sad and anxious…
What if they kill berserker!Derek and double!Derek lives? And they’re stuck with this weird stepford version of Derek and Lydia had been right in predicting Derek’s death?
I read a few metas on it. and basically it’s theorized that the real derek is one, a berzerker, or two in a dank hole in mexico. which they might find him sleeping beauty style.
Yup! The ones I saw all said he was still buried or w/e at the church. I hadn’t read any that he might be a berserker.
I KNOW IM SORRY.
holy shit. i think my mind just exploded. FUCK
ahahaa. It’s awfulllllllll but oh gosh.
As always, I’ll be watching Teen Wolf live and liveblogging here as well as some on my twitter.
Blacklist the following tags if you’d like:
- teen wolf
- tw spoilers
- s4 spoilers
I’ll also be tagging for the following things:
- kate argent
if there’s anything else that you need me to tag, let me know. <3
I don’t know how active I’ll be tonight, but I’ll at least be reblogging things. <3
"I’ll take that one," Derek said. His voice came out hoarse, embarrassingly so. "The one in the middle."
The trader wasn’t impressed with Derek’s choice. “That one is beneath someone of your station,” he said with shocking bluntness, while the omega fluttered his eyelashes at Derek, hips swaying suggestively. “He’s well-bred,” the trader continued, “but his hygiene is poor and he acts the vixen. I cannot guarantee he’s…untouched. The other, on the right—”
"I’ll take the one in the middle," Derek said again, firmly.